Red Sea Endemic Fishes & Red Sea forms


Apolemichthys xanthotis : Yellow-ear Angelfish. Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. We have personally only recorded this species from the northern Red Sea: appears to be a variant of A. xanthuras. Photo - Dahab, Egypt.

Arusetta asfur : Arabian Angelfish. Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Plentiful in the southern region. Becoming scarcer in the central region, where it is usually found below 15m. Unfortunately, this species is a favourite of collectors, particularly in its juvenile stage.



Anthias taeniatus: Striped Anthias. Red Sea. We have only seen this species in the north of the Red Sea. It will often be found amongst the common anthias (Pseudanthias squamipinnis). Male left, female right. Photos - Hurgahda, Egypt.


Pseudanthias heemstrai: Heemstra's Anthias. Northern Red Sea, Gulf of Aquaba.


Aspidontus dussumieri: Lance Blenny. Red Sea form. This Red Sea form differs in having a ventral black stripe, and a black spot on the leading dorsal rays.

Ecsenius aroni: Aron's Blenny. Red Sea.

Ecsenius frontalis: Smoothfin Blenny. Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Most common in the southern areas. Photo, Farasan.

Ecsenius frontalis: (Ecsenius albicaudatus - junior synonym) Red Sea. A form of E.frontalis.

Ecsenius frontalis: (Salarias nigrovittatus - junior synonym) Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. A form of E.frontalis. Reported only from southern Red Sea, but we have observed it near Jeddah, where photo was taken.

Ecsenius gravieri: Red Sea Mimic Blenny. Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. A mimic of the Blackline Blenny. As with a number of other species, it appears to grow larger and is more strongly marked in southern areas.

Meiacanthus nigrolineatus: Blackline Blenny. Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Examples in the Farasan Islands are larger and more strongly marked than those in the central and northern region. Photo, Farasan

Plagiotremus townsendi: Townsend's Blenny. Red Sea and Gulf of Oman form. This form is more brightly coloured than its cousins in the rest of the Indian Ocean.


Ecsenius dentex: North Red Sea. Very similar to E.nalolo, and probably indistinguishable from it to the casual observer.

Istiblennius rivulatus: Red Sea